top of page

Rethinking Introversion in the Workplace

The conventional wisdom in many workplaces is that introverts lack passion and enthusiasm for their work. However, this assumption fails to recognize that introversion and passion are not mutually exclusive traits. As organizations seek to foster engagement and productivity among all employees, it is critical to debunk myths about introversion and instead understand how introverts can bring tremendous value through their unique strengths and talents.

Today we will explore a research-based framework for appreciating introversion as well as strategies for cultivating an inclusive culture where introverts can thrive and contribute to their full potential.

Understanding Introversion

Before addressing misconceptions about introversion and work, it is important to define introversion. Researchers describe introversion as an individual’s energy source and processing preferences (Cain, 2013). Introverts tend to feel drained by excessive social interaction and large crowds, preferring more solitary activities that allow focused internal reflection and recharging alone. They process information internally rather than expressing themselves externally. Introversion exists on a spectrum, and someone with an ambivert temperament may exhibit both introverted and extroverted tendencies depending on circumstances. It is also critical to note that introversion is distinct from shyness or social anxiety – introverts can be perfectly comfortable socializing in moderation but gain energy from solitude rather than crowds (Cain, 2013).

Misconceptions about Introversion

To effectively engage introverts, managers must debunk common assumptions that introversion equates to lack of passion or engagement. Some key myths include:

  • Introverts are shy, antisocial, or lack interpersonal skills. While introverts may prefer fewer or smaller social interactions, research shows they can be perfectly comfortable socializing and have strong interpersonal skills (Cain, 2013).

  • Introverts do not enjoy interacting with others as part of their work. Most introverts still value collaboration and teamwork, but in moderation and through thoughtful communication methods rather than constant interaction (Grant et al., 2013).

  • Introverts are not outgoing leaders. Though less outwardly expressive, introverts can still make compelling visionaries and leaders through focused listening, thoughtful decision-making, and calm demeanor (Grant, 2013).

  • Introverts do not speak up or offer ideas. Given opportunities for preparation and reflection away from crowds, introverts can be prolific thinkers and innovators (Cain, 2013).

These myths stem from a bias towards extraversion as the default workplace personality. However, both introversion and extraversion have advantages, and organizations benefit most from strategies that allow individuals across temperaments to thrive through their strengths rather than feeling pressured to conform to extraverted norms.

The Value of Introversion in Organizations

Once myths about passion and engagement are addressed, leaders can recognize how introversion can enhance collaboration, innovation, and focus in important ways. Some key strengths introverts offer include:

  • Deep thinking and focus. Introverts’ preference for solitary reflection allows extensive thought and focus that can lead to breakthrough ideas (Cain, 2013). Giving introverts time for contemplation respects this strength.

  • Active listening. Where extraverts may see conversation as self-expression, introverts are inclined to listen carefully and synthesize input, making them attuned partners for brainstorming (Grant, 2013).

  • Consideration. Introverts tend to think through decisions carefully rather than acting impulsively. This can support considerate, thoughtful leadership (Grant, 2013).

  • Innovation. Introverts’ ability to focus intensely combined with thoughtful consideration of diverse perspectives nourishes innovative problem-solving (Cain, 2013).

  • Resilience. Introverts’ tendency to recharge independently means they may better withstand stressful periods and disruptions that extraverts find draining.

With recognition and accommodation of introverted strengths, organizations can maximize diverse talents. The following sections propose practical strategies to foster an inclusive culture leveraging introversion.

Creating an Inclusive Culture for Introverts

A key priority for capitalizing on introversion is assessing workplace norms and policies through an introverted lens to identify areas discouraging their engagement. Some initial steps toward inclusion include:

  • Surveying introverted employees anonymously to understand pressures felt and preferred communication methods. Incorporating these perspectives at the leadership level ensures a two-way understanding (Grant, 2013).

  • Reviewing office design and setup. Factors like open plan layouts, excessive noises, lack of solo workspaces can drain introverts. Hybrid options allow choice (Cain, 2013).

  • Revisiting meeting structures. Introverts may find breakouts, preparation time, digital contributions more comfortable than constant large group interaction (Grant, 2013).

  • Assessing social events. Introverts still want community but may feel recharged with lower-key options like walks or one-on-one conversations over crowds (Cain, 2013).

  • Promoting virtual collaboration. Video calls, messaging allow introverts to contribute thoughtfully without constant presence (Grant, 2013).

  • Emphasizing listening. Introverts appreciate leaders and peers who are attentive, thoughtful listeners valuing all contributions (Grant, 2013).

These accommodations maximize employee choice and ensure the culture supports varied engagement preferences. With introverts feeling included, their skills can shine through focused contributions.

Leveraging Introversion through Strategic Role Crafting

Once cultural barriers are addressed, targeted strategies can empower introverts to contribute using their strengths. Role crafting tailors responsibilities to accommodate individual dispositions (Wrzesniewski & Dutton, 2001). Some strategic approaches include:

  • Project roles valuing focus, follow-through. Quality control, research, drafting allow solitary work appreciated by introverts (Grant, 2013).

  • Specialist roles emphasizing accumulated expertise. Introverts can shine as subject matter experts through deep mastery (Grant, 2013).

  • Advisory roles leveraging considered counsel. Introverts make insightful advisors, mentors through attentive listening and thoughtful advice (Grant, 2013).

  • Individual contributor paths. For introverts energized alone, non-managerial specialist career options give autonomy (Cain, 2013).

  • Virtual work arrangements. Part-remote roles allow introverts to contribute fully using technologies (Grant, 2013).

  • Flexitime. Staggered hours or compressed weeks give introverts solitary preparation/recharge time (Cain, 2013).

  • Self-directed work. Autonomous projects respect introverts' focus through independent work management (Grant, 2013).

Thoughtful role crafting demonstrates how any personality provides value when responsibilities complement natural strengths (Wrzesniewski & Dutton, 2001). Strategic roles both play to introversion and recognize it as a talent domain.

A Case Study: Leveraging Introversion at IBM

To illustrate these strategies in practice, consider computer giant IBM's efforts to foster inclusion and capitalize on introversion. With over 350,000 global employees across diverse roles, IBM recognized varied personality fits uniquely in different functions (IBM, 2022).

Initially, IBM surveyed staff anonymously about preferences and pain points. Results found many introverts drained by frequent meetings and open workspaces with constant stimulation (IBM, 2022). To address this, IBM implemented:

  • Hybrid work arrangements allowing many roles to effectively contribute remotely part-time. This accommodated introverted recharge needs.

  • Virtual and asynchronous collaboration technologies like messaging, video and online documentation. These provided thoughtful options beyond in-person interaction.

  • Flexible hours and arrangements tailored to projects rather than rigid structures. This respected varied work rhythms.

  • Leadership development emphasizing active listening skills and consideration of diverse perspectives. This helped support introverted employees.

Strategically, IBM found concentrated roles in research, quality control, drafting and advisory functions often naturally suited introverts’ focused skills (IBM, 2022). Job descriptions now emphasize mastery, thoughtful counsel and independent project management over personality expectations.

Results demonstrated how role crafting and cultural adjustments empowered many introverted IBM employees to fully contribute innovative ideas using natural strengths. Turnover also declined as introverts felt included. Overall, IBM's experience underscores the importance of nuanced support over assumptions.


To maximize the benefits of diversity in today's workplace, organizations must debunk myths that equate passion and engagement solely with extraversion. Research demonstrates introversion is a valuable spectrum of strengths when accommodated appropriately. Through surveys, infrastructure adjustments, focused role crafting and leadership emphasizing varied skills, employers can foster cultures where introverts feel recognized and motivated to contribute their talents. As case studies like IBM illustrate, these inclusive efforts yield rewards including innovation, retention and performance leveraging personalities productively across varied functions. Overall, adopting new frameworks for appreciating introversion supports organizations in engaging all talents to their fullest potential.


  • Cain, S. (2013). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can't stop talking. Broadway Books.

  • Grant, A. M. (2013). Rocking the boat but keeping it steady: The role of emotion regulation in employee voice. Academy of Management Review, 38(3), 403-424.

  • Grant, A. M., Gino, F., & Hofmann, D. A. (2013). The bright side of being prosocial at work, how compassion at work boosts performance. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2013, No. 1, p. 12946). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.

  • IBM. (2022, April 12). How IBM is fostering an inclusive culture for introverted employees. IBM.

  • Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. (2001). Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179-201.


Jonathan H. Westover, PhD is Chief Academic & Learning Officer (HCI Academy); Chair/Professor, Organizational Leadership (UVU); OD Consultant (Human Capital Innovations). Read Jonathan Westover's executive profile here.



bottom of page